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Exclusive-U.S. Treasury official criticizes China's 'unconventional' debt practices

21 Tháng Chín 2022
Exclusive-U.S. Treasury official criticizes China's 'unconventional' debt practices © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Chinese yuan banknotes are seen in this illustration picture taken April 25, 2022. REUTERS/Florence Lo/Illustration
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By Andrea Shalal

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A top adviser to U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen will warn on Tuesday that China's foot-dragging on debt relief could burden dozens of low- and middle-income countries with years of debt servicing problems, lower growth and underinvestment.

Yellen's counselor Brent Neiman plans to criticize China's "unconventional" debt practices and its failure to move forward with debt relief at an event at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, a text of his prepared remarks obtained by Reuters shows.

"China’s enormous scale as a lender means its participation is essential," Neiman said in the speech, citing estimates that China has $500 billion to $1 trillion in outstanding official loans, mainly to low and middle-income countries.

Many of those countries are facing debt distress after borrowing heavily to combat COVID-19 and its economic fallout. Now Russia's war in Ukraine has caused food and energy prices to soar, while rising interest rates in advanced economies have triggered the biggest net capital outflows from emerging markets since the global financial crisis, Neiman said.

He said a systemic debt crisis had not materialized, but economic stresses and domestic vulnerabilities were increasing and could grow worse.

China had a unique responsibility on debt issues since it is the world’s largest bilateral creditor, with claims surpassing those of the World Bank, International Monetary Fund and all Paris Club official creditors combined, Neiman said.

Neiman's critique of China's debt practices marks the latest salvo by Western officials and the leaders of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, who have grown weary of delays and broken promises by China and private lenders.

As many as 44 countries each owed debt equivalent to more than 10% of their gross domestic product to Chinese lenders, but Beijing has consistently failed to write down debts when countries needed help, Neiman said.

Instead, China has opted to lengthen maturities or grace periods, and in some cases, such as that of Congo in 2018, even wound up increasing the net value of its loans.

Neiman said China's lack of transparency and its frequent use of non-disclosure agreements complicated coordinated debt restructuring efforts, and meant liabilities to China were "systematically excluded" from multilateral surveillance.

Beijing signed up to the Common Framework for debt treatments agreed by the Group of 20 major economies and the Paris Club in late 2020, but it had delayed formation of creditor committees for Chad and Ethiopia, two of the three countries that had sought help under the framework.

In July, it said it and other official creditors would provide debt treatments for the third, Zambia, but the delays had prolonged uncertainty, and could discourage other countries from requesting help, Neiman said.

All three cases should be resolved quickly, he said, adding that some middle income countries like Sri Lanka also needed urgent debt restructuring.

Neiman warned that IMF financing should not be used by countries to repay select creditors, and called for more transparent reporting and tracking of financing assurances.

He noted that China had engaged in "unconventional" practices that had allowed the IMF to move forward without obtaining standard financing assurances.

He cited China's past actions on Ecuador's debt in 2020 and its refusal to restructure its debt service for Argentina, even though Paris Club creditors were likely to do so.

"In many of these cases, China is not the only creditor holding back quick and effective implementation of the typical (debt restructuring) playbook. But across the international lending landscape, China’s lack of participation in coordinated debt relief is the most common and the most consequential."

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    US Coffee C 220.15 ↑ Sell  
    Euro Stoxx 50 3,348.60 ↑ Sell  
    S&P 500 3,693.23 ↑ Buy  
    DAX 12,284.19 ↑ Sell  
    FTSE 100 7,018.60 Neutral  
    Hang Seng 17,933.27 ↑ Sell  
    Small Cap 2000 1,676.17 Neutral  
    IBEX 35 7,583.50 ↑ Sell  
    BASF 39.790 Neutral  
    Bayer 49.58 ↑ Sell  
    Allianz 168.74 ↑ Sell  
    Adidas 130.96 ↑ Sell  
    Lufthansa 5.674 ↑ Buy  
    Siemens AG 98.63 ↑ Sell  
    Deutsche Bank AG 8.632 ↑ Sell  
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# So hôm qua # Chênh TG
SJC Eximbank6,540/ 6,640
(6,540/ 6,640) # 1,917
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